Every product and material has an EPD from which the environmental costs and circularity index is calculated. This information is delivered by an external independent party.
Each product has a total score made from adding phase A-C (production, transport, and waste processing) and subtracting phase D (re-use and recycling potential). This offers insights into the impact a product has on the environment – both from use and potential impact at the end of its life. At the bottom of each product page, you can learn more about the underlying data per indicator and phase by clicking on “View Environmental product Declaration (EPD)”. For example, you can see how much CO2 is produced for each life phase of a product.
Circularity index (0-100%)
This number is an indication of a product’s raw material usage. The more a product is made of recycled or re-used source materials and the less waste is produced at the end of life, the higher the circularity index.
A product or material shows “Return system” if its environmental scores are based on a recycling system, lease construction or of the return agreements made with the producer. Products with this label generally score better as the product returns to the producer at the end of its life where it will be efficiently recycled or re-used.